René Girard and Classics – Greece

A bibliography

 

The following texts in English apply, discuss or criticize René Girard's theoretical approach. Inclusion in the list (or inclusion of a link) does not necessarily imply endorsement of a given text. Readers may suggest additional references through the contact page of this website.

 

 

Aeschylus

 

Stefan Paul Dolgert. “Citizen Canine: Humans and Animals in Athens and America.” PhD diss. Duke University, 2009

 

Frederick T. Griffiths, “Girard on the Greeks/The Greeks on Girard,” Berkshire Review, Vol. 14, 1979, pp. 20-36

 

Frederick T. Griffiths, "Murder, Purification, and Cultural Formation in Aeschylus and Apollonius Rhodius,Helios, Vol. 17, No. 11990, pp. 25-40

 

Peter T. Koper, “‘Reasons’ as Deferral: The Dramatization of Argument in The Eumenides,” Anthropoetics: The Journal of Generative Anthropology, Vol. 13, No. 2, Fall 2007

 

Wolfgang Palaver, “Mimesis and Nemesis: The Economy as a Theological Problem,” Telos, No. 117, 1999, pp. 79-112 [see “Aeschylus’ Political Theology,” pp. 87-90]

 

Carl Rubino, review of La Violence et le Sacré [in which Rubino extends Girard’s analysis to the Oresteia], MLN, Vol. 87, No. 7, Dec. 1972, pp. 986-98

 

Anaximander

 

Eric Gans, “Pre-Socratics II: Heraclitus and Anaximander,” Chronicles of Love & Resentment, No. 373, May 2, 2009

 

Aristotle

 

Cesareo Bandera. The Sacred Game: The Role of the Sacred in the Genesis of Modern Literary Fiction [see Part 2: “Beyond Aristotle”]. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1994

 

Per Bjørnar GrandeMimesis and DesireAn Analysis of the Religious Nature of Mimesis and Desire in the Work of René GirardSaarbrückenLAP Lambert Academic Publishing, 2009

 

Nidesh Lawtoo, “Violence and the Mimetic Unconscious (Part One): The Cathartic Hypothesis: Aristotle, Freud, Girard,” Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture, Vol. 25, 2018, pp. 159-91

 

Wolfgang Palaver, “Mimesis and Nemesis: The Economy as a Theological Problem,” Telos, No. 117, 1999, pp. 79-112 [see “Aristotle’s Philosophy of Nemesis,” pp. 90-93]

 

Wolfgang Palaver. René Girard’s Mimetic Theory [see Chapter 3: “Mimetic Desire,” passim]. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2013

 

Matthew Schneider, “Sacred Ambivalence: Mimetology in Aristotle, Horace, and Longinus,” Anthropoetics: The Journal of Generative Anthropology, Vol. 1, No. 1, Spring/Summer 1995

 

Cezary Zalewski, “From ‘Catharsis in the Text’ to ‘Catharsis of the Text’: ‘A Marginal Commentary on Aristotle’s Poetics’ by Roman Ingarden in the (Critical) Light of Mimetic Theory,” Forum Philosophicum, Vol. 25, No. 2, Autumn 2020, pp. 323-39

 

Dionysus

 

See Euripides

 

Epicurus

 

Anthony W. Bartlett, “The Swerve of Desire: Epicurus, Economics and Violence,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia, Vol. 58, No. 2, Apr.-Jun. 2002, pp. 319-32

 

Euripides

 

Deborah Boedeker, “Becoming Medea: Assimilation in Euripides,” in Medea: Essays on Medea in Myth, Literature, Philosophy, and Art, ed. James J. Clauss and Sarah Iles Johnston (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1997), pp. 127-148

 

Erika Fischer-LichteDionysus Resurrected: Performances of Euripides' The Bacchae in a Globalizing World. Chichester: Wiley/Blackwell, 2014

 

Helene P. Foley, “The Masque of Dionysus” [on the Bacchae], Transactions of the American Philological Association 110, 1980, pp. 107-33

 

Helene P. Foley. Ritual Irony: Poetry and Sacrifice in Euripides. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1985 (Open Access since 2019)

 

Giuseppe Fornari, “Labyrinthine Strategies of Sacrifice: The Cretans by Euripides,” Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture, Vol. 4, Spring 1997, pp. 163-88

 

Giuseppe Fornari. Dionysus, Christ, and the Death of God, Vol. 1: The Great Mediations of the Classical World. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2021

 

René Girard, “Dionysus and the Violent Genesis of the Sacred” [on the Bacchae], tr. Sandor Goodhart, boundary 2, Vol. 5, No. 2Winter, 1977, pp. 487-506

 

René Girard, “Dionysus” [on the Bacchae], Chapter 5 in Girard, Violence and the Sacred, tr. Patrick Gregory (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Pres, 1977), pp. 119-42; see also the following chapter, pp. 143-44, 161-65

 

Barbara E. Goff. The Noose of Words: Readings of Desire, Violence and Language in Euripides’ Hippolytos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990

 

Frederick T. Griffiths, “Girard on the Greeks/The Greeks on Girard,” Berkshire Review, Vol. 14, 1979, pp. 20-36

 

Patricia Klindienst Joplin, “The Voice of the Shuttle is Ours” [on Iphigenia in Aulis], Stanford Literature Review 1, 1984, pp. 25-53; reprinted in Rape and Representation, ed. Lynn A. Higgins and Brenda A. Silver (New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1991), pp. 35-64; reprinted iSexuality and Gender in the Classical World, ed. Laura K. McClure (Oxford: Blackwell, 2002), pp. 257-92

 

Robin N. Mitchell, “Miasma, Mimesis, and Scapegoating in Euripides' Hippolytus,” Classical Antiquity, Vol. 10, No. 1April 1991, pp. 97-122

 

Thalia Papadopoulou, “Ritual and Violence,” Chapter 1 in Papadopoulou, Heracles and Euripidean Tragedy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), pp. 9-57

 

Dietmar Regensburger, “‘Are you still in the mood for killing?’ Mimetic Rivalry, Scapegoating and Sacrifice in Hitchcock’s Marnie, Cacoyannis’ Zorba the Greek and Pasolini’s Medea,” in Passions in Economy, Politics, and the Media, ed. Wolfgang Palaver and Petra Steinmair-Pösel (Münster: LIT, 2005), pp. 363-85

 

Charles Segal, “Euripides' Bacchae: Conflict and Mediation,” Ramus 6, 1977, pp. 103-120

 

Charles Segal, “Forms of Dionysus: Doubling, Hunting, Rituals,” Chapter 2 in Segal, Dionysiac Poetics and Euripides’ Bacchae (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1982, expanded edition 1997), pp. 27-53

 

Heraclitus

 

Eric Gans, “Pre-Socratics II: Heraclitus and Anaximander,” Chronicles of Love & Resentment, No. 373, May 2, 2009

 

Herodotus

 

Jacob Stern, “Scapegoat Narratives in Herodotus,” Hermes, Vol. 119, No. 3, 1991, pp. 304-11

 

Hesiod

 

Giosue Ghisalberti, “Prometheus in Hesiod’s Theogony,” Chapter 3 in Ghisalberti, Animal Sacrifice and the Death Penalty (Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2021), pp. 84-114

 

Wolfgang Palaver, “Mimesis and Nemesis: The Economy as a Theological Problem,” Telos, No. 117, 1999, pp. 79-112 [see “Hesiod’s Economic Theology,” pp. 79-87]

 

Homer

 

Mark R. Anspach, “Trying to Stop the Trojan War: Prophesying Violence, Seeing Peace,” Western Humanities Review, Vol. 62, No. 3, Fall 2008, pp. 86-97; reprinted as Chapter 3 in Anspach, Vengeance in Reverse: The Tangled Loops of Violence, Myth, and Madness (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2017), pp. 27-39

 

Gil Bailie, “Sacrificial Violence in Homer’s Iliad,” in Curing Violence, ed. Mark I. Wallace and Theophus H. Smith (Sonoma, CA: Polebridge, 1994), pp. 45-70

 

Cesareo Bandera. A Refuge of Lies: Reflections on Faith and Fiction [see chapters 2-3 on the Iliad]. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2013

 

Stefan Paul Dolgert. “Citizen Canine: Humans and Animals in Athens and America.” PhD diss. Duke University, 2009

 

Margo Kitts, “Sacrificial Violence in the Iliad,” Journal of Ritual Studies, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2002, pp. 19-39

 

Margo Kitts, “Mimetic Theory, Sacrifice, and the Iliad? Bulletin for the Study of Religion, Vol. 45, No. 3–4,2016, pp. 46–57

 

Peter T. Koper, “The Girl by the Water: Images of Aphrodite as Mediated Desire,” Anthropoetics: The Journal of Generative Anthropology, Vol. 9, No. 2, Fall 2003/Winter 2004

 

Rachel Hart Lesser. "Listening for the Plot: The Role of Desire in the Iliad’s Narrative." PhD diss. University of California at Berkeley, 2015

 

Christopher S. Morrissey, “‘Pomo Homer’: A Review of the Troy Movie,” Chronicles of Love & Resentment, No. 304, June 26, 2004

 

Michael N. Nagler, “Odysseus: The Proem and the Problem,” Classical AntiquityVol. 9, No. 2, Oct. 1990, pp. 335-56

 

Charles Segal, “Sacrifice and Violence in the Myth of Meleager and Heracles: Homer, Bacchylides, Sophocles,” Helios 17, 1990, pp. 7-24

 

Mihoko Suzuki. Metamorphoses of Helen: Authority, Difference, and the Epic. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992

 

W. G. Thalmann, “Thersites: Comedy, Scapegoats, and Heroic Ideology in the Iliad,” Transactions of the American Philological Association, 118, 1988, pp. 1-28

 

Geert Van Coillie, “Homer on Competition: Mimetic Rivalry, Sacrificial Violence and Autoimmunity in Nietzsche,” Bijdragen, International Journal in Philosophy and Theology, Vol. 71, No. 2, pp. 115-31

 

Medea

 

See Euripides

 

Medusa

 

Tobin Siebers. The Mirror of Medusa. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983

 

Oedipus

 

See Sophocles

 

Philostratus

 

René Girard, “The Horrible Miracle of Apollonius of Tyana,” Chapter 4 in Girard, I See Satan Fall Like Lightning, tr. James G. Williams (Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 2001), pp. 49-61

 

Pindar

 

Vincent Farenga, “Violent Structure: The Writing of Pindar’s Olympian I,” Arethusa, Vol. 10, No. 1, Spring 1977, pp. 197-218

 

Plato

 

Cesareo Bandera. The Sacred Game: The Role of the Sacred in the Genesis of Modern Literary Fiction [see Part 1: “Beyond Plato”]. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1994

 

Sherwood Belangia, “Metaphysical Desire in Girard and Plato,” Comparative and Continental Philosophy, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2010, pp. 197-209

 

Stefan Paul Dolgert. “Citizen Canine: Humans and Animals in Athens and America.” PhD diss. Duke University, 2009

 

George Dunn, “Philosophy and Revelation: Plato’s Challenge to Girard,” paper presented on July 9, 2015 in St. Louis, MO at the 25th annual conference of the Colloquium on Violence & Religion

 

Raphael Foshay, “Mimesis in Plato’s Republic and Its Interpretation by Girard and Gans,” Anthropoetics: The Journal of Generative Anthropology, Vol. 15, No. 1, Fall 2009

 

Raphael Foshay, “The Platonic and Aristotelian Mimetic Paradigms In Light of Gans and Heidegger,” Anthropoetics: The Journal of Generative Anthropology, Vol. 19, No. 2, Spring 2014

 

Eric Gans, “Plato and The Birth of Conceptual Thought,” Anthropoetics: The Journal of Generative Anthropology, Vol. 2, No. 2, Fall 1996/Winter 1997

 

Per Bjørnar GrandeMimesis and DesireAn Analysis of the Religious Nature of Mimesis and Desire in the Work of René GirardSaarbrückenLAP Lambert Academic Publishing, 2009

 

Per Bjørnar Grande, “Comparing Plato's Understanding of Mimesis to Girard's” (girardstudies.com)

 

Jacob Howland, “Plato’s Apology as Tragedy,” The Review of Politics, Vol. 70, No. 4, Fall 2008, pp. 519-46

 

Marian Kiss, “Mimesis, Plato and René Girard: Interpretation of the Phenomenon of ‘Mimesis’ in Plato’s ‘Constitution’ in Term’s of Girard’s Mimetic Theory,” Filosoficky Casopis, Vol. 58, No. 4, 2010, pp. 503-26

 

Nidesh Lawtoo, “Violence and the Mimetic Unconscious (Part Two): The Contagious Hypothesis: Plato, Affect, Mirror Neurons,” Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture 262019, pp. 123–60.

 

Wolfgang Palaver. René Girard’s Mimetic Theory [see Chapter 3: “Mimetic Desire,” passim]. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2013

 

Michel Serres, “Origin of Geometry, IV,” diacritics, Vol. 8, No. 1, Spring 1978, pp. 24-30

 

Tobin Siebers, “Philosophy and Its Other–Violence: A Survey of Philosophical Repression From Plato to Girard,” Anthropoetics: The Journal of Generative Anthropology, Vol. 1, No. 2, Fall 1995/Winter 1996

 

Wm. Blake Tyrrell. The Sacrifice of Socrates: Athens, Plato, Girard. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2012

 

Porphyry

 

Wm. Blake Tyrrell and Frieda S. Brown, “The Ideology of Sacrifice in Mythmaking” [with an analysis of Porphyry’s description of the Bouphonia in On Abstaining from Living Things], in Tyrrell and Brown, Athenian Myths and Institutions: Words in Action (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991), pp. 73-98

 

Sophocles

 

Gabriel Andrade, “The Transformation of Kinship in the New Testament” [with introductory remarks on Antigone], Anthropoetics: The Journal of Generative Anthropology, Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring/Summer 2005

 

Mark R. Anspach, “Editor’s Introduction: Imitating Oedipus,” in René GirardOedipus Unbound: Selected Writings on Rivalry and Desire (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2004), pp. vii-liv; the first 20 pages of this text are reprinted in The Oedipus Casebook, ed. Mark R. Anspach (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2020), pp. 219-43

 

Emanuele Antonelli, “The Child of Fortune: Envy and the Constitution of the Social Space” [the “child of Fortune” is Sophocles’ Oedipus], Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture, Vol. 20, 2013, pp. 117-40

 

Cynthia Chase, “Oedipal Textuality: Reading Freud's Reading of Oedipus,” diacritics, Vol. 9, No. 1, Spring 1979, pp. 53-68

 

Richard Cocks, “Oedipus Rex in René Girard’s Violence and the Sacred,” VoegelinView, June 16, 2020

 

Richard Cocks, “The Oedipus Casebook,” VoegelinView, July 7, 2021

 

Khegan M. Delport, “The Fall and Rise of King Oedipus: On Sacrificial Logic and ‘Proto-Christology,” 

Stellenbosch Theological Journal, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2021, pp. 1-25

 

Eric Gans, “Form Against Content: René Girard's Theory of Tragedy” [with special attention to Oedipus the King], Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 56, Jan.-June 2000, pp. 53-65

 

René Girard, “Oedipus and the Surrogate Victim,” Chapter 3 in Girard, Violence and the Sacred, tr. Patrick Gregory (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Pres, 1977), pp. 68-88; reprinted in The Oedipus Casebook, ed. Mark R. Anspach (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2020), pp. 245-67

 

René Girard“Oedipus and Job,” Chapter 6 in Girard, Job: The Victim of His People, tr. Yvonne Freccero (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1987), pp. 33-40; see also the following chapter, pp. 45-46

 

René GirardOedipus Unbound: Selected Writings on Rivalry and Desire, ed. Mark R. Anspach. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2004

 

Sandor Goodhart, “Lêistas Ephaske: Oedipus and Laius’ Many Murderers,” diacritics, Vol. 8, no. 1, March 1978, pp. 55-71; reprinted in Goodhart, Sacrificing Commentary: Reading the End of Literature (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1996), pp. 13-41; reprinted in The Oedipus Casebook, ed. Mark R. Anspach (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2020), pp. 393-420

 

Sandor Goodhart, “Oedipus and Greek Tragedy,” in The Palgrave Handbook of Mimetic Theory and Religion, ed. James Alison and Wolfgang Palaver (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017), pp. 151-57

 

R. Drew Griffith, Oedipus Pharmakos? Alleged Scapegoating in Sophocles’ Oedipus the King, Phoenix, Vol. 47, No. 2, 1993, pp. 95–114

 

Frederick T. Griffiths, “Girard on the Greeks/The Greeks on Girard,” Berkshire Review, Vol. 14, 1979, pp. 20-36

 

Joel Hodge, “‘Dead or Banished’: A Comparative Reading of the Stories of King Oedipus and King David,” Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament, Vol. 20, No. 22006, pp. 189-215

 

Daniel Hogg, “The Oedipus Casebook: Reading Sophocles Oedipus the King,” Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2021

 

Peter T. Koper, “Myth and Investigation in Oedipus Rex,” Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture, Vol. 12-13, 2006, pp. 87-98

 

Peter T. Koper, “‘Reasons’ as Deferral: The Dramatization of Argument in The Eumenides,” [see section IV: “Originary Insight in Oedipus Rex”], Anthropoetics: The Journal of Generative Anthropology, Vol. 13, No. 2, Fall 2007

 

Pietro Pucci, “The Tragic Pharmakos of the Oedipus Rex,” Helios, Vol. 17, No. 1, 1990, pp. 41-50

 

Robert J. Rabel, “Oedipus in Provence: Jean De Florette and Manon of the Spring” [in the light of the Oedipus Tyrannus], Helios, Vol. 36, No. 1, Spring 2009, pp. 67-80

 

Martha J. Reineke. Intimate Domain: Desire, Trauma, and Mimetic Theory [see Part 2: “Antigone”]. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2014.

 

Peter L. Rudnytsky, “Oedipus and Anti-Oedipus,” World Literature TodayVol. 56, No. 3, Summer, 1982, pp. 462-470 

 

Charles Segal, “Sacrifice and Violence in the Myth of Meleager and Heracles: Homer, Bacchylides, Sophocles,” Helios 17, 1990, pp. 7-24

 

Marian Tataru, “Consilience, Abduction, and Mimetic Theory: An Epistemological Inquiry into René Girard’s Interpretation of the Oedipus Myth,” Philosophical Journal of Conflict and Violence, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2017, pp. 39-56

 

Wm. Blake Tyrrell (translator), Oedipus Tyrannus, in The Oedipus Casebook, ed. Mark R. Anspach (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2020), pp. 1-125

 

Wm. Blake Tyrrell and Larry J. Bennett, “Sophocles’ Enemy Sisters: Antigone and Ismene,” Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture, Vol. 15/16, 2008-2009, pp. 1-18

 

Wm. Blake Tyrrell and Frieda S. Brown, “The Ideology of Sacrifice in Mythmaking” [with an extended analysis of Sophocles’ Ajax], in Tyrrell and Brown, Athenian Myths and Institutions: Words in Action (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991), pp. 73-98

 

Geert Van Coillie, “Antigone: Mimetic Violence, Tragedy, and Ethics,” Ethical Perspectives, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2008, pp. 81-102

 

Theocritus

 

Mark Payne. Theocritus and the Invention of Fiction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007