Was Libyan ruler Muammar Qaddafi a "scapegoat king"? Until he was killed, his adversaries blamed him for all his country's ills.
Like the Sudanese dignitaries described by Simon Simonse in Kings of Disaster, Qaddafi was
a paradoxical figure of unity: hatred for him was the one thing that brought many of his subjects together.
But once he was gone, the deep-seated conflicts dividing Libya soon came "roaring back," just as we predicted in an article first published shortly after Qaddafi's 2011 death and recently
reprinted on Cynthia Haven's Stanford blog. Read it here.